One species is the Gallica or Provins roses that are a very old class developed from R. gallica, which is a native of central and southern Europe. The Apothecary's Rose, R. gallica officinalis, was grown in monastic herbiaries in the Middle Ages, and became famous in English history as the Red Rose of Lancaster. Gallicas flower once in the summer. The gallica comes in shades of red, maroon and deep purplish crimson.
I plan to post more about plant species, so stay tuned for more.